Welcome to Hardhatengineer.com. I am Varun Patel. In this video, you will learn about the most common questions regarding pipe flanges that you may face during the interview.
You will learn about these questions;
- What is the height of the face in the raised face flange?
- What is serration on the flange face?
- What types of serration are used on flange face?
- What are AARH and RMS?
- How to measure the serration?
So please watch this video till the end. And don’t forget to subscribe to my channel because that way you will get regular updates on a new video. You can subscribe right now by just clicking subscribe button on your screen. So let’s start with the first question.
What is the height of the face in the raised face flange?
In the last video, I have explained to you about flange faces. Now, look at this image of a flange. You can see the height of the face. It is not random height, but it is based on the flange ratings. For 150# & 300# height of the raised face is 1/6” that is approx. 4.25 mm and above 300# it is 1/4” that is 6.35 mm. Let’s move to the second question.
What is serration on the flange face?
Flange face can be a smooth or serrated type. Which type of face to use, it depends on the type of the gasket and service of the fluid. The flange face with small grooves as you can see in the image, this machining is known as a serration. This serration is very critical to prevent the leak from the flange. Even small damage of the face can lead to a plant shutdown. So, if you are working with a flange, you have to take measures to protect the flange while handling. Next question is;
What types of serration are used on flange face?
Serration can be spiral or concentric rings as you can see in the slide. Concentric rings type finishing is used when fluid is of very low density. If you use spiral type finish with very low-density fluid, it may find a leakage path through the spiral cavity.
What are AARH and RMS?
In the previous question, you learn about serration. Now, this machining is not random, and it has to be perfect to prevent a leak. Small grove will not let gasket material seat in and large grove will damage gasket and increase corrosion of face. Now the measurement value of Serration of flange face is specified in RMS (Root Mean Square) or AARH (Arithmetic Average Rough Height). These two are the units that used to measure the roughness of the flange face. The most common value of a serrated face is 120-250 AARH.
How to measure the serration?
Measuring the serration of the flange required special gauge. This gauge is known as a comparator gauge. Comparator gauge is used to check serration of the flange. In the image, you can see how gauge is used to verify the value of serration. You can see that gauge has actual machining samples of different value. As the name suggests, you match this sample with your flange machining. This way you can measure actual value, but it will tell you that your machining is acceptable or not. To measure the actual value of machining, you can use roughness gauge.
This is the end of the video. I hope that you have learned from this video. In the next video, I will explain to you about gasket related question. So keep on checking my youtube channel for new video.
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