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Wrought Pipe Fitting dimensions are always in line with connecting pipe dimensions.
- Pipe Fittings are sized with respect to pipe size. In Nominal pipe size (NPS) & also as a Diameter nominal (DN)
- Thicknesses are marked in schedule no. Fittings generally have a higher thickness than the pipe to avoid any rejection due to thickness reduction during manufacturing. To avoid mismatch of fittings ID to pipe ID, manufacturer bevel the inside edge of fittings.
Forged Pipe Fittings are classified based on its pressure-temperature class
- Socket weld & Threaded end fittings are available from NPS 1/8” to 4” size
- Forged Fittings are available in following pressure-temperature rating class
- 2000 (Only Threaded Fittings)
- 3000 & 6000 (for both types)
- 9000 (Only Socket Weld Fittings)
The standards used to check Dimensions of Pipe Fittings
- For Wrought Product (WP) Dimension is covered in
- ASME B16.9- which is standard for Factory-made Wrought Butt-welding Fittings for size NPS 1⁄₂ to NPS 48” and
- ASME B16.28- which is standard for Wrought Steel Butt-Welding Short Radius Elbows and Returns for size NPS 1⁄₂ to NPS 24”
- For Forged Fittings Dimension are covered in
- ASME B16.11- a standard for Forged Steel Fittings that covers Socket Welding and Threaded fittings
What to Check During Fittings Dimension Inspection?
Following to be confirmed during an inspection of pipe fitting dimensions
- Thickness schedule no
- Straightness & perpendicularity of the ends of the fitting
- Degree of elbows & bends
- And Concentricity of reducer
Check the following pages for the Pipe Fitting Dimensions and Tolerance
- Pipe Elbow Dimensions (Long Radius and Short Radius Elbow)
- Long Radius Return Dimensions (Long Radius Pipe Bends)
- Pipe Tee Dimensions
- Concentric Reducer Dimensions and Eccentric Reducer Dimensions
- Stub End Dimensions
- Pipe Coupling Dimensions
Fittings are always connected with pipe hence, Chemical and Mechanical property of these materials to match with pipe material
- Fittings are manufactured in different material grades to match pipe material such as carbon steel, alloy steel, stainless steel, and exotic material such as titanium, copper alloy, etc.
- ASME B16.9 &16.28 provides a list of material used to manufactured wrought fittings
- ASME B16.34 Provides a list of material used to manufactured forged fittings as per ASME B16.11
- ASME B16.9 is standard for – Factory-Made Wrought Buttwelding Fittings & ASME B16.28 is standard for – Butt-Welded Short Radius Elbows & Returns Bends
- ASME B16.11 is standard for – Forged steel socket welding & threaded fittings which refer another ASME standard for material which is standard for ASME B16.34 Flanged, Threaded, And Welding End Valves
The material grade shall be prefixed with WP if fittings are made as per ASME B16.9 & B16.28
- Commonly used material grades for wrought fittings are listed here
- For Carbon Steel:- ASTM A234Gr.WPA/B, ASTM A420 Gr.WPL6
- For Alloy Steel:- ASTM A234 WP1 /WP5 /WP7 /WP9 /WP11 /WP12 /WP22
- And for Stainless Steel:- ASTM A403 WP304 /WP304L /WP304H /WP316 / WP316L/ WP321/ WP347